Coping With Stress in Iranian School-Age Children

Authors

1 1Department of Child and Family Health Nursing, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz, IR Iran

2 2Department of Medical- Surgical Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran

3 3Department of Psychiatry, Razi Hospital, Tabriz, IR Iran

4 4Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran

Abstract

Background Methods learnt by children to cope with stress will be used in their adolescence. Failure to learn adaptive coping strategies causes some mental, physical and behavioral problems which continue until adulthood. Objectives The current study was conducted to investigate the methods of coping with stress among Iranian school-age children. Patients and Methods A descriptive study was conducted in which a randomly selected sample of 839 students of third to fifth grade of primary school in Tabriz, Iran participated. The data were collected using the Schoolagers` Coping Strategies Inventory questionnaire. SPSS software was employed to analyze the data by percentage, absolute frequency, and linear regression test. Results All coping methods inserted in the questionnaire were used by students. More than 70% of students mentioned “pray”, “say I’m sorry or tell the truth”, and “try to relax, stay calm” out of 26 cases of coping strategies. According to more than 60% of children, “pray”, “say I’m sorry or tell the truth”, and “draw, write, or read something” were the most useful coping methods and “pick on someone” and “yell or scream” were not mostly used by the children under study. Conclusions Children use variable methods to cope with their stress. Therefore, parents, health trainers and school authorities should distinguish non-adaptive methods of children and teach them the adaptive coping strategies.

Keywords