1Department of Nursing, Islamic Azad University, Qom Branch, Qom, IR Iran
2Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Arak University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Arak, IR Iran
3Trauma Nursing Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran
Background Nurses have critical roles in the process of medication. Evaluating the process of medication helps nursing educators and students to determine the present status and then, improve the quality of care. Objective The current study was conducted to compare the self-evaluation of nursing students in their own medication skills with the evaluation done by clinical instructors, in Qom’s Azad University and Arak University of Medical Sciences, in 2011. Materials and Methods A descriptive study was conducted. Data gathered using a self-report questionnaire and an observation checklist. A total of 141 students and 10 instructors participated in the study. SPSS software (version 13) was employed to analyze the data. Descriptive statistics and Wilcoxon rank test were used. Results The mean scores for the domain of medication preparation were 2.51 ± 0.55 and 2.58 ± 0.57 based on the students’ self-evaluation and the instructors' evaluation of the students, respectively. No significant difference was observed between the total mean scores of ‘medication preparation’ in the two evaluation methods (P > 0.05). The highest mean score was achieved in the domain of drug administration both in the self-evaluation and evaluation by the instructors. A significant difference was observed between the total mean scores of ‘drug administration’ in the two evaluation methods (P < 0.05). The domain ‘post medication nursing care’ has got the lowest mean score among the three domains both from the perspective of the students and that of the instructors. The mean scores of different domains of medication management were close in the two universities. Conclusions The present study showed that the nursing students are not quite competent in the process of medication therapy both from their own and their clinical instructors’ perspectives. This finding shows the urgent need to implement some actions to strengthen the students’ skills in medication therapy.