1Chemical Injuries Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran
3Department of Community Health Nursing, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
4Department of Biomedical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Background Urinary catheterization is one of the main measures used to treat and care for hospitalized patients. Several complications have been attributed to the presence of latex with routine Foley catheters. Therefore, some studies have recommended that Nelatone catheters be substituted for the ordinary Foley catheters to prevent these complications. Objectives This study aimed to compare the rates of urinary tract infection (UTI) in rabbits catheterized either with Foley or with Nelatone catheters. Materials and Methods A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 60 rabbits that were randomly assigned to three groups of twenty. The first group was catheterized using Nelatone catheter; the second group was catheterized using Foley catheter and the third group was studied without performing any catheterization. After seven days, urine samples were collected using suprapubic aspiration and were sent to the laboratory for culture. Descriptive statistics were calculated. Moreover, chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests were used for data analysis. Results At the end of the study, four 4 cases in the Nelatone group and 12 cases in the Foley group presented with UTI (P = 0.01). No positive urine cultures were found in the control group. Conclusions The Nelatone catheters, compared with the Foley ones, had a lower risk of UTI in the long term use. Verifying this claim by further studies can have an important role in reducing UTIs in patients using urinary catheters.