Development and Validation of the Social Responsibility Questionnaire for Iranian Nurses

Document Type : Original Article


Background: Assessment of nurses’social responsibility is necessary for improving their social responsibility and accountability. Valid and reliable culturally appropriate instruments are needed for such an assessment. Objectives: This study aimed to develop and validate the Nurse Social Responsibility Questionnaire (NSRQ) for Iranian nurses. Methods: This methodological study was conducted in a qualitative and a quantitative phase. In the qualitative phase, the concept of social responsibility was explored using a grounded theory study and the item pool of NSRQ was generated. In the quantitative phase, the psychometric properties of the questionnaire (namely face, content, and construct validity and reliability) were evaluated. Results: Exploratory factor analysis revealed that NSRQ consisted of four factors which were labeled ethical commitment, clinical care management, professional competence, and divine satisfaction. The Cronbach’s alpha and the test–retest intraclass correlation coefficients of NSRQ were 0.92 and 0.95, respectively. Conclusion: The 27‑item NSRQ is a valid and reliable instrument for social responsibility measurement among nurses