Association between Quality of Work Life and Stress among Nurses in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Saudi Arabia

Document Type : Original Article



Background: Quality of work life (QWL) influences the performance and commitment of employees in health‑care organizations. Objectives: This study aimed at assessing the QWL and its associated factors among nurses in a tertiary care hospital in Al‑Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross‑sectional study was conducted among 212 nurses at Madinah Cardiac Center in Al‑Madinah in Saudi Arabia using the Brooks and Anderson’s quality of nursing work life survey and the stress subscale of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale. The t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression were conducted to analyze the data. Results: Most participants (65.1%) had high QWL and one‑third (33%) had severe stress. Factors that independently predicted QWL were monthly income (P = 0.007), number of working hours per week (P = 0.041), and stress level (P = 0.001). Conclusion: Most participants had high QWL. Minimizing stress and improving the work environment are necessary to improve the QWL of nurses.