Turkish nurses' burnout levels, job satisfaction, and mental symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Fundamentals of Nursing Istanbul University, Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul, Türkiye

2 Department of Medical Nursing, Florence Nightingale, Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Türkiye

3 Health Sciences University, Başakşehir Çam and Sakura City Hospital, Istanbul, Türkiye

4 Department of Nursing, Bezmialem University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Türkiye

5 Head of Psychiatry, Bezmialem Vakif University, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Türkiye


Background: Nurses involved in healthcare delivery during the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic experience higher levels of burnout, job satisfaction, and mental symptoms than other healthcare professionals did.
Objectives: This study examined nurses' burnout level, job satisfaction, and mental symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Methods: A descriptive, correlational study was conducted on 262 nurses working at a foundation university hospital in Istanbul between July and December 2021. The data were collected by using the Nurse Information Form, Maslach Burnout Inventory, Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale, and Mental Symptom Checklist. Data analysis was performed using the Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, Spearman correlation, and Bonferroni post hoc test.
Results: Nurses’ Burnout, Job Satisfaction, and Mental Symptom average scores were 70.36±11.00, 2.80±0.49, and 1.20±0.79, respectively. A statistically significant negative and weak relationship was found between burnout, and job satisfaction average scores (r=-0.380; P<0.001). Age, marital status, and income level were associated with burnout, job satisfaction, and mental symptoms (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Nurses had a moderate level of burnout, a low level of job satisfaction, and a high level of mental symptoms.


Nuray Turan [Pubmed] [Google Scholar]


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