Knowledge of Iraqi girls towards polycystic ovary syndrome

Document Type : Brief Report


1 Academic Nurses, Kerbala health directorate, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, University of Kerbala, Kerbala, Iraq

2 Department of Maternal and Neonatal Nursing, University of Kerbala, Kerbala, Iraq


Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects about 10% of adolescent girls worldwide. However, a study found that almost half of the women had poor knowledge about PCOS.
Objectives: This study aimed to assess the knowledge of Iraqi adolescent girls about PCOS.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in October 2022 on a convenient sample of 60 adolescent girl students at the Economic and Administration College of the University of Kerbala, Iraq. Data were collected using a specific questionnaire and analyzed using inferential and descriptive statistics.
Results: The mean score of participants knowledge about PCOS was 2.05±1.4 (range:0-7), and all of them had poor knowledge about PCOS. Most participants had no information about PCOS and the remaining received information about PCOS from media (21.3%), educational courses (3.3%), and health institutions (8.2%).
Conclusion: Iraqi adolescent girls had low knowledge about PCOS. Counseling and education programs can be established for all women of childbearing age, and especially adolescent girls and university students, to increase knowledge about polycystic ovarian syndrome.


Raghad Nasif Jasim [Pubmed] [Google Scholar]


Main Subjects

  1. Conlon JL, Malcolm S, Monaghan M. Diagnosis and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome in adolescents. J Am Acad Pas 2021;34: 15-22. doi:10.1097/01.JAA.0000791468.37054.5d PMid:34524161
  2. Sreejith S, Nehemiah HK, Kannan A. A clinical decision support system for polycystic ovarian syndrome using red deer algorithm and random forest classifier. Healthcare Analytics 2022; 2:100102. doi: 10.1016/
  3. Kanbour SA, Dobs AS. Hyperandrogenism in Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Pathophysiology and Controversies. Androgens: Clinical Research and Therapeutics 2022;3:22-30. doi:10.1089/andro.2021.0020
  4. World health Organization. Polycystic ovary syndrome. 2023. Aviable from: https://wwwwhoint/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/polycystic-ovary-syndrome [Last access date: June, 3 2023]
  5. Alshdaifat E, Sindiani A, Amarin Z, Absy N, AlOsta N, Abuhayyeh HA et al. Awareness of polycystic ovary syndrome: A university students' perspective. Ann Med Surg 2021;72:103123. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103123 PMid:34934483 PMCid:PMC8654774
  6. Zaitoun B, Al Kubaisi A, AlQattan N, Alassouli Y, Mohammad A, Alameeri H, et al. Polycystic ovarian syndrome awareness among females in the UAE: a cross-sectional study. BMC Womens Health 2023;23: 181. doi: 10.1186/s12905-023-02318-y. PMid:37069554 PMCid:PMC10108484
  7. Goh JE, Farrukh MJ, Keshavarzi F, Yap CS, Saleem Z, Salman M et al. Assessment of prevalence, knowledge of polycystic ovary syndrome and health-related practices among women in klang valley: A cross-sectional survey. Front Endocrinol 2022;13:985588. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2022.985588 PMid:36105409 PMCid:PMC9465311
  8. Adone A, Fulmali DG. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome in Adolescents. Cureus 2023;15:e34183. doi: 10.7759/cureus.34183. PMid:36843701 PMCid:PMC9951123
  9. AL Kurdi ZR, Fahmy NM, Mohasb SH, Alhamid ND. Educational Program: Its Effect on Knowledge and Lifestylesamong Paramedical Students with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). Medico-legal Update 2021;21:58-69. doi: 10.37506/mlu.v37521i37503.32965.
  10. Witchel SF, Oberfield SE, Peña AS. Polycystic ovary syndrome: pathophysiology, presentation, and treatment with emphasis on adolescent girls. J Endocrine Soc 2019;3:1545-1573. doi:10.1210/js.2019-00078 PMid:31384717 PMCid:PMC6676075