Comparing the effects of aromatherapy massage with passion flower and sesame essential oils on pain intensity among patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting: a randomized parallel trial

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Anesthesia, Ahvaz Anesthesiology and Pain Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center AND Department of Critical Care Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Cardiac Anesthesia Unit, Cardiovascular Research Center, Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine Anesthesiology and Critical Care Research Center Chamran Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

4 Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: Pain is one of the most common complaints of patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of aromatherapy massage with passion flower and sesame essential oils on postoperative pain intensity among patients with CABG surgery.
Methods: This double-blind randomized parallel trial was conducted from November 2019 to April 2020. Sixty candidates for CABG were conveniently selected from Chamran hospital, Isfahan, Iran, and randomly allocated to group A (aromatherapy massage with passion flower essential oil) and group B (aromatherapy massage with sesame essential oil). Aromatherapy massage for all participants was provided in four twenty-minute sessions on four consecutive days. Pain intensity was assessed before and thirty minutes after aromatherapy massage using a visual analogue scale. The Chi-square, independent-samples t, were used to analyze the data.
Results: The mean score of pain intensity in groups A and B was respectively 8.03±.08 and 7.23±1.38 on the first day, and 4.43±1.19 and 5.4±1.1 on the fourth day. A significant difference between the two groups was observed respecting the mean score of pain in the first, third, and fourth days (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: Aromatherapy massage with passion flower essential oil is more effective than aromatherapy massage with sesame essential oil in significantly reducing pain intensity among patients with CABG surgery.


Main Subjects

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